Unsung Americans: J. Ernest Wilkins, Jr. and Rufus Stokes

 

J. Ernest Wilkins

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Reference; Schomburg Center

After receiving a PH.D. in physics from the University of Chicago at age 19, Wilkins studied mechanical engineering at New York University, taught mathematics at Tuskegee University, and took part in the research that led to the development of the atomic bomb during World War 2. From 1946 to 1970 he a senior mathematician for the Nuclear Development Corporation of America and a physicist with the General Dynamics Corporation. In 1970, Wilkins was appointed Distinguished Professor of Applied Mathematical Physics at Howard University. He is known for developing techniques for measuring the absorption of gamma radiation emitted by the sun and other nuclear sources.

Additional Information; African American mathematician andnuclear scientist, who gained first fame on entering the University of Chicago at age 13, becoming its youngest ever student. His intelligence led to him being referred to as a “negro genius” in the media.

As part of a widely varied and notable career, Wilkins contributed to the Manhattan Project during the Second World War. He also gained fame working in and conducting nuclear physics research in both academia and industry. He wrote numerous scientific papers, served in various important posts, earned several significant awards and helped recruit minority students into the sciences.

Read more: http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3430900061.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._Ernest_Wilkins,_Jr.

http://www.maa.org/programs/underrepresented-

 http://www.answers.com/topic/j-ernest-wilkins-jr

http://www.blackpast.org/aah/wilkins-jr-j-ernest-1923

http://www.aaregistry.org/historic_events/view/j-ernest-wilkins-math-teaching-pioneer

Rufus Stoke

greatest-gadgets-created-by-black-inventors-air-humidifier

Rufus Stokes was an inventor born in Alabama in 1924. He later moved to Illinois, where he worked as a machinist for an incinerator company.

In 1968, Rufus Stokes was granted a patent on an air-purification device to reduce the gas and ash emissions of furnace and powerplant smokestack emissions. The filtered output from the stacks became almost transparent. Stokes tested and demonstrated several models of stack filters, termed the “clean air machine”, in Chicago and elsewhere to show its versatility.

Read more: 

http://inventors.about.com/od/sstartinventors/a/Rufus_Stokes.htm http://articles.chicagotribune.com/1986-06-05/news/8602090707_1_mr-stokes-invention-veterans-hospital

http://inventors.about.com/od/sstartinventors/a/Rufus_Stokes.htm

http://articles.chicagotribune.com/1986-06-05/news/8602090707_1_mr-stokes-invention-veterans-hospital

Unsung Americans : Otis Boykin and O.S Ozzie Williams

 

Otis Boykin

boykins_at_dept_of_energy_black_contributors_to_science_and_energy_technology_page_08

Reference; Schomburg Center

Educated at Fisk University and Illinois Institute of Technology, Boykin began his career as a laboratory assistant and quickly showed his brilliance as an innovator. Among the devices he invented were various resistors used in guided missiles, computers, radios, and televisions; a burglar-proof cash register; a chemical air filter; and a control unit for cardiac pacemakers. From 1964 until his death , Boykin worked as a consultant to a number of American and European firms.

 

Boykin  Otis

Read more: http://www.biography.com/people/otis-boykin-538792 http://www.usasciencefestival.org/schoolprograms/2014-role-models-in-science-engineering/766-otis.html

http://www.aaregistry.org/historic_events/view/otis-boykin-talented-electronic-inventor

http://teacher.scholastic.com/activities/bhistory/inventors/boykin.htm

Oswald. S William

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Personal Information

Born Oswald S. Williams on September 2, 1921, in Washington, DC; son of Oswald S. (a postal worker) and Marie (Madden) Williams; married Doris Reid Williams, 1943; children: Bruce, Gregory (died 1982), and Meredith.
Education: New York University, B.S., 1943, M.S., 1947; St. John’s University, M.B.A., 1981.
Memberships: former member, chair, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.

Career

Republic Aviation, design engineer, 1942, steadily promoted to senior aerodynamicist, 1943-46; Babcock and Wilcox, design draftsman, c. 1947-48; U.S. Navy Material Catalog Office, technical writer, c. 1948-50; Greer Hydraulics, Inc., design group project leader, c. 1950-56; Thiokol Chemical Corporation, Reaction Motors Division, small rocket engine designer, 1956-61; Grumman Aerospace Corporation, propulsion engineer, 1961-c. 1973; Grumman International, marketing department, 1973, vice president, 1974. St. John’s University, marketing professor, c. 1980s.

Life’s Work

Inventor and engineer O. S. Williams was the second African American to receive a degree in aeronautical engineering and the first to be hired as a design engineer by Republic Aviation–one of the leaders of the industry in the 1940s. At a time when blacks were discouraged from the engineering field, Williams blazed many trails. His accomplishments over the years included heading the team that originated the first experimental airborne radio beacon for tracking crashed aircraft and managing the development of the control rocket systems for National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Apollo missions, including the fateful thirteenth one in 1970. William’s rockets are credited with saving the lives of the Apollo 13 astronauts.

 

Read more on O.S Williamshttp://www.answers.com/topic/o-s-williams#ixzz1kUNQp0OT http://www.aaregistry.org/?q=historic_events/view/ozzie-williams-dc-engineer

http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Aerospace_engineering.aspx

http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0800429.html

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