Charles Richard Drew: The Blood Bank

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Academy of Medicine in May of 1941, he specifically mentions the pioneering work of Henry Bowditch, a physiologist who was aware of plasma’s potential as early as 1871. The same article also pays tribute to an English physician named Ward, who suggested the use of plasma for battlefield transfusions during World War I.

Still, Drew and several other researchers worked to refine liquid plasma preservation techniques. Having obtained a four-month leave from Howard University in September of 1940, he got off to a brisk start, instituting a system of rigorous processing in a central laboratory so that the sterility of all donated blood could be controlled. Drew later relieved the community hospitals of their constant donor traffic by introducing the idea of a refrigerated mobile blood bank.

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/databank/entries/bmjuli.html

http://www.blackpast.org/aah/drew-charles-r-1904-1950

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/theymadeamerica/whomade/drew_hi.html

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