Who Were the Moors?

Moor

Truth Behind the Myth | Israel and Palestine Conflict

Israeli State vs. the Palestinians,  What does factual history showcase?

jews vs arabs

When you look at history you can discover the lies told of today, which leads people to inaction or the falsehood that things have always been this way. The conflict between Israel and the Palestinians showcase why the past does affect the present/future and why history itself is important. If we don’t look to the past, then we can’t correct our present and make a brighter future for ourselves. As a Black American, I can connect to both plights. What happened to the European Jews within Europe and the displacement of the Palestinians from their homes due to the wrongs of others.

Please take the time to watch this brief showcase of the events that took place in the past that created the state of Israel and why two groups who historically never had much conflict are now filled with such grief and pain.

On May 14, 1948, David Ben-Gurion, the head of the Jewish Agency, proclaimed the establishment of the State of Israel. U.S. President Harry S. Truman recognized the new nation on the same day.

Read more: https://history.state.gov/milestones/1945-1952/creation-israel

Modern Israel has its origins in the Zionism movement, established in the late 19th century by Jews in the Russian Empire who called for the establishment of a territorial Jewish state after enduring persecution. In 1896, Jewish-Austrian journalist Theodor Herzl published an influential political pamphlet called The Jewish State, which argued that the establishment of a Jewish state was the only way of protecting Jews from anti-Semitism. Herzl became the leader of Zionism, convening the first Zionist Congress in Switzerland in 1897. Ottoman-controlled Palestine, the original home of the Jews, was chosen as the most desirable location for a Jewish state, and Herzl unsuccessfully petitioned the Ottoman government for a charter.

Read morehttp://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/state-of-israel-proclaimed

The end of World War II led to the rapid disappearance of French and British influence throughout the Arab world, as the rapid eclipse of the old imperial powers transformed the politics not only of Asia but of the Middle East and Africa as well. The mandated territories granted by the League of Nations after World War Iwere granted independence. These included Syria and Jordan in 1946 and Lebanon in 1943. The mandate in Palestine was liquidated, and a Jewish homeland — promised after World War I but never granted — was created in 1948: the State of Israel.

Read morehttp://history.howstuffworks.com/cold-war/the-cold-war-timeline1.htm

Today has been your dose of a reality check.

 

Trade Relations among European and African Nations

Contrary to popular views about precolonial Africa, local manufacturers were at this time creating items of comparable, if not superior, quality to those from preindustrial Europe. Due to advances in native forge technology, smiths in some regions of sub-Saharan Africa were producing steels of a better grade than those of their counterparts in Europe, and the highly developed West African textile workshops had produced fine cloths for export long before the arrival of European traders.

http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/aftr/hd_aftr.htm

Clash of Titans: Andromeda and Troy Hollywood’s Aryan Model

Tales of Ethiopia as a mythical land at the farthest edges of the earth are recorded in some of the earliest Greek literature of the eighth century B.C., including the epic poems of Homer. Greek gods and heroes, like Menelaos, were believed to have visited this place on the fringes of the known world. However, long before Homer, the seafaring civilization of Bronze Age Crete, known today as Minoan, established trade connections with Egypt. The Minoans may have first come into contact with Africans at Thebes, during the periodic bearing of tribute to the pharaoh. In fact, paintings in the tomb of Rekhmire, dated to the fourteenth century B.C., depict African and Aegean peoples, most likely Nubians and Minoans. However, with the collapse of the Minoan and Mycenaean palaces at the end of the Late Bronze Age, trade connections with Egypt and the Near East were severed as Greece entered a period of impoverishment and limited contact

Ethiopia is mentioned several times in The Iliad, The Odyssey and the Histories; The primary city of Ethiopia was Meroe which was, according to the historian, Herodotus, forty days on foot and twelve days by boat south of the city of Elephantine on the Nile River; in another part of his narrative, Herodotus says that the Ethiopians lived in Libya towards the southern sea.

The exact location of Ethiopia was, at best, nebulous to the Greeks of Herodotus’ time; there seems to have been two conceptions of Ethiopia: one was the historical land coveted by the Persian Empire and the other was a mythical Ethiopia that Poseidon (lord of the Sea) favored with personal visits.

Homer says that the Ethiopians were the most distant of men and lived in two separate lands that were identified as where the Titan, Hyperion, rose and sat; when the Greek hero, Menelaos(Menelaus), was making his meandering way back to Sparta after the sack of the city of Troy, he said that he traveled to Egypt, Ethiopia and Libya which only implies that Ethiopia was somewhere in Africa.

Home Team History Youtube Channel

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC12lU5ymIvSpgl8KntDQUQA

Correction

Sources

http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/afrg/hd_afrg.htm

http://messagenetcommresearch.com/myths/ppt/Ethiopia_1.html

http://www.theroot.com/articles/history/2014/02/andromeda_myth_was_she_black.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Memnon_(mythology)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aethiopia

Ziryab: Abu l-Hasan Ali Ibn Nafi

Fashion and Hygiene

Abu l-Hasan Ali Ibn Nafi – who was also known as Ziryab (black singing bird in Arabic) and Pájaro Negro (blackbird) in Spanish- was a polymath, with knowledge in astronomy, geography, meteorology, botanics, cosmetics, culinary art and fashion. He is known for starting a vogue by changing clothes according to the weather and season. He also suggested different clothing for mornings, afternoons and evenings.

He created a deodorant to eliminate bad odors, promoted morning and evening baths, and emphasized  maintaining personal hygiene. Ziryab is believed to have invented an early toothpaste, which he popularized throughout Islamic Iberia – primarily in Spain.

He made fashionable shaving among men and set new haircut trends. Royalty used to wash their hair with rosewater, but Ziryab introduced salt and fragrant oils to improve the hair’s condition.

Cuisine

Ziryab was also an arbiter of culinary fashion and taste, and revolutionized the local cuisine by introducing new fruit and vegetables such as asparagus, and by initiating the three-course meal served on leathern tablecloths. He insisted that meals should be served in three separate courses consisting of soup, the main course, and dessert.

He also introduced the use of crystal as a container for drinks, which was more effective than metal. Prior to his time, food was served plainly on platters on bare tables, as was the case with the Romans.

In general, the Moors introduced many new crops including the orange, lemon, peach, apricot, fig, sugar cane, dates, ginger and pomegranate as well as saffron, cotton, silk and rice,  all of which remain prominent in Spain today.

From the information, I believe Ziryab was apart of the Afro-Asiatic group; meaning he is connected to Middle Eastern culture as well.

http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/afroasiatic

A little off subject, but this drink looks good lol. 

Pajaro Negro

The namesake gentleman who the restaurant & bar is named after was a North African renaissance guy in the 8th Century who had his hands in everything from music to math and astronomy. The Spanish nicked named him Blackbird or Pajaro Negro ($10, mezcal, Cynar, Galliano Ristretto, orange peel).

The drink has an iced coffee like feel, a little smoky, a little bitter, brightened up nicely with the orange twist. More of a after dinner drink than a starter.

http://www.alcademics.com/2013/09/a-look-at-ziryab-in-san-francisco.html

http://www.islamicspain.tv/Arts-and-Science/flight_of_the_blackbird.htm

http://www.mandatory.com/2012/12/28/10-people-youve-never-heard-of-who-changed-history/8

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Abul-Hasan+Ali+Ibn+Nafi

Moorish Spain

When the topic of the Moorish influence in Europe is being discussed, one of the first questions that arises is, what race were they?

As early as the Middle Ages, “Moors were commonly viewed as being mostly black or very swarthy, and hence the word is often used for negro,” according to the Oxford English Dictionary.

Author and historian Chancellor Williams said “the original Moors, like the original Egyptians, were black Africans.”

The 16th century English playwright William Shakespeare used the word Moor as a synonym for African. His contemporary Christopher Marlowe also used African and Moor interchangeably.

Arab writers further buttress the black identity of the Moors.  The powerful Moorish Emperor Yusuf ben-Tachfin is described by an Arab chronicler as “a brown man with wooly hair.”

Black soldiers, specifically identified as Moors, were actively recruited by Rome, and served in Britain, France, Switzerland, Austria, Hungary, Poland, and Romania.  St. Maurice, patron saint of medieval Europe, was only one of many black soldiers and officers under the employ of the Roman Empire.

Although generations of Spanish rulers have tried to expunge this era from the historical record, recent archeology and scholarship now shed fresh light on the Moors who flourished in Al-Andalus for more than 700 years – from 711 AD until 1492.  The Moorish advances in mathematics, astronomy, art, and agriculture helped propel Europe out of the Dark Ages and into the Renaissance.

Source:  Stewartsynopsis.com/moors_in_europe.htm

Universal Education

The Moors brought enormous learning to Spain that over centuries would percolate through the rest of Europe.

The intellectual achievements of the Moors in Spain had a lasting effect; education was universal in Moorish Spain, while in Christian Europe, 99 percent of the population was illiterate, and even kings could neither read nor write. At a time when Europe had only two universities, the Moors had seventeen, located in Almeria, Cordova, Granada, Juen, Malaga, Seville, and Toledo.

In the 10th and 11th centuries, public libraries in Europe were non-existent, while Moorish Spain could boast of more than 70, including one in Cordova that housed hundreds of thousands of manuscripts. Universities in Paris and Oxford were established after visits by scholars to Moorish Spain.

It was this system of education, taken to Europe by the Moors, that seeded the European Renaissance and brought the continent out of the 1,000 years of intellectual and physical gloom of the Middle Ages.

By Abs Staff

Source: Blackhistorystudies.com/resources/resources/15-facts-on-the-moors-in-spain/

Culturespain.com/2012/03/02/what-did-the-moors-do-for-us/

Nevertheless, Europeans had held Africans in high regard for centuries prior, (from the Catholic patron saint, Maurice, to the legendary black knights). Therefore it was possible for many Africans to move to the highest eschelons of society, particularly in England, the Netherlands, Austria, Sweden, Russia and Germany. Some became nobles, military leaders, and other respectable professionals in royal courts throughout Europe (excluding the Iberian peninsula). They became so numerous in England that Queen Elizabeth I issued a warrant (July 1596) and a proclamation (January 1601) by which she expelled all “Blackmoores” from England:

The Queen is highly discontented to understand the great number of Negroes and black a moors which are [in England]; who are fostered here, to the great annoyance of her own people who are unhappy at the help these people receive, as also most of them are infidels having no understanding of Christ…

http://www.taneter.org/moors2.html

Now seeded the Renaissance doesn’t mean the sole creator, just one of the seeds that created inspiration to create and a thirst for knowledge. 

The “Moors” of Europe

Variants of the term “Moor” have been used by many Europeans since ancient times as a general description for indigenous Africans. Contrary to popular belief, the term is not synonymous with “Islamic” or any specific Arab or African religion, civilization, or ethnicity.

The origin of the English term, “Moor,” is the Greek word, “μαυρο” or “mavro” which literally means “black, blackened or charred” and has long been used to describe black or very dark things such as, “Mavri Thalassa” which refers to the Black Sea or “mavri spilia” which means “black cave.” Ancient Greeks used the term to describe the complexion of Africans and (even today, some Greeks use “mavro” to refer to Africans, although in a pejorative manner).

The artist, Christopher Wren (1632-1723), specifically entitled this painting, “Le Maure”, French for “The Moor”

Ancient Berbers, Arabs, Muslims, and Moors

Of course a Berber, and Arab were both Moors within Europe; countless of other ethnic groups from Africa and the Middle East as well. Let’s journey back into time with some well made historical documents through history.

A great way to learn about traditional African beginnings of North Africa, would be to watch “Lost Kingdoms of Africa: Morocco“.

When the Moors Ruled Europe

Cities of Light: Rise and Fall of Islamic Spain

http://www.adventureclassroom.org/adventures/berbers/history.htm

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/61465/Berber

Facts and Fallacies About Slavery/Discrimination In The USA

1) Native Americans were the first slaves in the Americas and the Caribbeans. In addition to some Native tribes owning slaves like the Cherokee, but not the majority of Native American people. A few did so to help enslaved runaways , and some out of maliciousness.

2) There were mostly European Indentured servants in the U.S. ( mostly Scottish and Irish), during the late 1400’s to early 1600’s and people wonder why this isn’t taught.

There are quite a few reasons why White indentured servants is skipped over

A) Since Whites were collectively deemed the superior race by the 50’s in the U.S/globally by pseudo Scientists and Anthropologists; to them, teaching this portion of history would conflict with their theories. After all; the inferior race were Negroes, and they are only condemned into life long servitude.

By the 50’s the Irish, Scottish and Italians were deemed White. Many of our U.S presidents were from Scottish, Irish and Welsh descent.

The Irish, Southern Europeans and Eastern Europeans weren’t deemed White until later. The Irish were called White niggers for example, before they reached the status of truly being White. The concept of White that is.

3) Many of the Irish were shipped to North America and the Caribbean, due to false claims of crime and the false belief of them being inferior. Eventually they would be classified as Nordic and one of the top classes of the White race.

Once the Irish were no longer considered a cross between Negroid and Caucasian (both asinine terms), the owners decided they didn’t like nor wanted a continuous relationship between the Irish and West African people. A hierarchy was now put into place; before Eastern and Southern Europeans were seen as dirty, stupid and lazy compared to Anglo-Saxons. When the ruling Social Elites realized, they could make a unified front on Whiteness (during the great migration of Eastern/Southern/Northern European migration), they proceeded to make the census.

Europeans, North Africans, and The Middle East were deemed White. They were now the top of the hierarchy. This is why many North Africans proclaimed that Saharan Africans were never the original people of North Africa, or contributed to its’ creation. That is why many Scientists/Anthropologists deemed the ancient Egyptians White. That is why those same people deemed Ethiopians as dark Caucasians. Basically, any civilization that pivoted the Human race forward was deemed Caucasian. Saharan Africans and anyone of African descent were deemed inferior and could never intermingle with the higher race.

This is extremely complex; notice how most of it doesn’t make any sense, but this is how many people thought back then (some still do). North Africans are people of Saharan African descent (Berbers), and later mixed with Middle Eastern Arabs, and different European groups. But I shall continue; this perception was carried out globally.

Some North Africans believed Saharan Africans were inferior and tried to wipe them out of history texts. In South America; Mexico tried to erase the fact that their second President and first Vice President was half West African. (Vicente Ramón Guerrero)

In Cuba; one of their Revolutionary heroes was Black, Antonio Maceo Grajales. (Cuba’s Independence from Spain) White Anthropologists lightened portraits and illustrations of him; deeming him to be purely White European. After Cuba’s independence from Spain; they were united ethnically. The illusion and artificial conception of race eluded them. Joe Marti stated he wasn’t going to fall for Spain’s racial games and stated “Cuba for Cuban’s”. Fast forward to when Bastisa was president; American/European ideals on race spread globally. Although Bastisa was of African descent himself; he created laws to make life harder for Cuban’s of predominantly African descent. He allowed Anthropologist to claim Antonio was purely White European, he allowed immigration solely to White Europeans into Cuba. The racial illusion was so bad, that 97% of Cubans who immigrated to the U.S identified themselves as White.   In the Dominican Republic; president Rafael Trujillo, declared anyone who admitted they were Black would be imprisoned or killed. In a island where about 90% of their citizens were heavily of African descent. Trujillo’s himself; his grandmother being Haitian. He openly stated he was inspired by Hitler’s vision of racial purity and superiority. He permed his hair religiously, determined to not let any signs of his African roots show on his face. To him; advancing the Dominican Republic, meant Whitening it up.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-13560512

This concept happened in Brazil, Argentina, Columbia, etc, again globally. Someone asked a question on here previously, “Why is Black slavery so important or why the lack of focus on other forms of slavery?” The answer should be obvious; it isn’t the 300 years of slavery that make people of African descent history uniquely different, it is all that came afterwords. The Jim Crow laws, being seen as the race at the bottom, a hybrid between Ape and Human as Darwin stated. The fact that people of African descent were put in zoos with apes/monkeys. Many committing suicide after, while hundreds of people previously watched; not saying anything.

This happening in the Bronx: http://mentalfloss.com/article/30399/1906-bronx-zoo-put-black…

The experiments, the Tuskegee sterilization; giving Syphilis to Black men. Most dying and passing the disease to their wives; only three men survived, eugenics and experimentation. Being erased from the history books and having every facet of your identity and heritage taken away, from ancient to modern. Having Black face, and other propaganda programmers broadcast globally; from Japan to Egypt.

http://www.uow.edu.au/~bmartin/dissent/documents/AIDS/

Yes; almost every ethnic group has gone through trials and tribulations, being lied about, slavery, at one point or another. Pertaining to those of African descent; not the same duration and to be hit from every aspect at once. I can’t say any other ethnic group, besides Native Americans have gone through that. If so, I would like for someone to enlighten me. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p2957.html

http://www.sodahead.com/united-states/why-is-only-black-slave…

The fact remains; if society had let go of its’ bigotry towards those of African descent, like they did with the Scottish, Irish, and Italians we all wouldn’t be so polarized by the illusion of race. We wouldn’t even be having this conversation.

4) Indentured servants only worked for a certain amount of years and were free to be on their own when their contract was up.

5) There were free people of African descent in Americas, before the Atlantic slave trade started.

6) Some people of African descent owned other people of African descent; over 99.9% did so, because it guaranteed their enslaved relatives safety. Free Negroes (term for historical purposes) bought their relatives for protection.

Example

http://www.vvdailypress.com/articles/later-33884-justice-year… http://books.google.com/books?id=ptFqye_hg54C&pg;=PA76&lpg;=P…

After Peyton Polly, his brother, and his son were freed in Kentucky, his brother purchased Peyton’s seven other sons and daughters. Evidently this tactic was common. The reunited family moved to Ohio, a free state, for safety. Three years later armed White men from Kentucky kidnapped the children, ages 4-17. Peyton could not risk going after the men himself. He put his trust in the legal system, and eventually the intervention of many Ohio politicians managed to free four of the children. Virginia refused to free the others, who remained enslaved for over a decade until ‘The Emancipation Proclamation” was passed.

7) Anthony Johnson was not the first slave owner.

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/slavery/experience/responses/spotlight.html

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/slave…

http://www.slavenorth.com/mas…

All before Anthony Johnson.

8) Black Americans and people of African descent were the major factor that ended slavery in the Western world. From slaves revolts, majority of Black people being Abolitionists, Maroons, Gullahs, Black Seminoles, Cuban’s revolution, Haiti’s revolution, etc.

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